:::
全國宗教資訊網
 宗教知識+
宗教知識家
伏羲大帝(Fuxi Dadi)
::: 伏羲大帝(Fuxi Dadi)
* 首頁 > 宗教知識+ > 宗教神祇 > 伏羲大帝(Fuxi Dadi)
*
0分
分享圖示
分享
勘誤圖示
勘誤

雲林縣斗六市太昊殿伏羲大帝(陳美華攝)

伏羲大帝又稱伏戲、伏希、虑戲、虑犧、宓羲、庖犧、包犧等等,推測這些不同稱呼應該是在不同地區、時間,對同一名詞不同的發音表記,還有部分可能是來自傳抄的變誤。在《史記》中稱伏犧,其它文獻稱犧皇、皇羲、太昊等等,又因為和八卦的傳承有關,在台灣稱為「八卦祖師」。伏羲是傳說中的古代聖王,中國文明的開創者之一。伏羲在先秦的文獻裡原來只有名號,沒有具體的事功,遲至漢,他的功績才因為緯書的宣傳成為古代的聖王。《詩經》、《孝經》等相關緯書記載伏羲的降生,乃是因為母親踩了某位神人的腳印,感孕而生。其它緯書裡,伏羲受天命創造了八卦,也代表他的帝王傳統。《河圖緯 · 龍魚河圖》載:「伏羲氏王天下山所在,謂之河圖。有神龍負圖出於黃河,…推陰陽之道,知吉凶所在,謂之河圖。」晉唐時,人們認為伏羲大帝以犧牲祭祀百神,所以有「庖犧」的稱號,換言之,當時的一種看法是血食祭祀始於伏羲。司馬貞的《補史記 · 三皇本紀》和王嘉《拾遺記》有這類的見解。這類傳說大致都和伏羲代表魚獵時代有關。除了制卦、魚獵外,伏犧對文化的貢獻之一制訂嫁娶的儀。除了作為文化、政治正統的傳承者外,伏羲大帝也被一些民間教派列於傳承譜系之中,例如在一貫道裡伏羲大帝屬青陽劫的開端,是這個時代的第一位聖人。
        在中國大陸的墓葬考古,伏羲和女媧似乎具有某種地位,在各地也有以伏羲為主祀神的零星宇。台灣以伏羲為主祀的宇有幾處,包括台北市中華文化始祖伏羲氏八卦祖師紀念、木柵元靈宮、台北縣鶯歌碧龍宮、彰化和美的天福宮、屏東的伏羲八卦祖師等等,這些宇的建立多與伏羲的創制八卦的傳說有關。此外,伏羲也有少部分在各種宇裡作為陪祀神。

 

雲林縣斗六市太昊殿伏羲大帝(陳美華攝)


關鍵詞:伏羲大帝、八卦祖師


劉惠萍。2005。《伏羲神話傳說與信仰硏究》。臺北:文津。
賴悅珊。2005。〈中國古代英雄神話研究〉中壢:國立中央大學中國文學研究所。


        Fuxi Da-di is a cultural hero in Chinese early history. He is credited that he founded the kingly rule of China and cultural inventor and founder. His invention are fishing, the rite or the law of marriage, and bagua (八卦: eight trigrams) which is a meaning system concerning the philosophy of Taichi (太極). Because he invented the eight trigrams, Fuxi Da-di is also called Bagua zushi (八卦祖師), the patriarch of bagua.
        There is no any ancient record concerning Fuxi Da-di’s achievement but his name and title until Han dynasty. Because of the teaching of chan wei (讖緯) spreading, Fuxi’s mystical biography and achievement began to flourishing and Fuxi became a saint ruler. It is said that Fu-xi’s mother stepped on a saint’s trace and was pregnant with Fu-xi. When Fu-xi was an adult, he was revealed by Chinese Mighty God to create the eight trigrams. When he was to be crown by god, a divine turtle carry He tu (河圖) , a mystical diagram, out from the Yellow River to him. After he read the diagram, he knew the Way of Yin and Yang (陰陽). Between Jin and tang dynasty, it is credited that Fuxi was the first one who worshiped to all god. That is the reason why he is also called Pao xi (庖犧). Pao means work, things, and events concerning kitchen. Its derived meaning is festive or worship. According to the archaeological evidence, Fuxi was in relation with Nu Wa (女媧), an ancient Chinese goddess. The real connection between them is not clear. Scholar speculated that they are a couple or siblings.
        Since Fuxi is a cultural hero in Chinese religion. There are some popular sects of Chinese popular religion regarding Fuxi as their saint and patriarch. For example, In I- Kuan Tao’s (一貫道) teaching, Fuxi is the first patriarch. There are few temples dedicated to Fuxi in Taiwan. However, the precise number is not clear.
 
Keywords: Fuxi, Bagua zushi, eight trigrams
 
References:
劉惠萍。2005。《伏羲神話傳說與信仰硏究》。臺北:文津。
賴悅珊。2005。〈中國古代英雄神話研究〉中壢:國立中央大學中國文學研究所。
返回列表