Pangu Gong is Pangu, the primal human in Chinese history. He is also called . The first record about Pangu is in the Three kingdom period(三國時代). In Sanwu liji(三五歷記), written by Xu Zheng(徐整), the genesis of the universe is described. It is said that at the beginning, the universe is in chaos, just like an egg. When the heaven and the earth begin to separate, Pangu is born and grew up at the same time. Finally, Pangu is as high as the distance between the heaven and the earth. After Pangu is dead, his eyes become the sun and the moon. Thunder comes from his voice. Cloud and wind is from his breath. His body and limbs become the ground and mountain. The blood of him runs to shape the river. His flesh transforms to the soil. The insect inside his body become human. Everything in the universe comes from Pangu. This is the myth of Pangu.
Later, the myth is absorbed by Taoism. Pangu is named the True Man Pangu(真人
盤古) and becomes Yuanshi tianzun (元始天尊) the highest god in Daoism. In the light of Ge hong’s (葛洪
) Zhen-zhong shu (枕中書), the Book in the Pillow, before the universe was created, Pan Gu was already pregnant by heaven and earth and he titled himself as Yuan-shi tian-wang (元始天王), the Primal Divine King. After he got out from the cosmic egg, he met the saint lady Tai-yuan (聖女
太元) and transformed himself as a green light into her stomach to make her pregnant. After twelve years, Pan Gu was born as a flesh human. No matter where he went to, there is a colorful cloud above him as a protection. It is an auspicious sign. According to the Zhenling weiye tu (真靈位業圖) written by Tao Hongjing’s (陶弘景
), Pan Gu is in the first place above all immortals dwells in the Yuqing jing (玉清境), the Jade clarity. It was also said that Pan-Gu’s is buried around the Southern China Sea(南海).
The temple dedicated to Pan-Gu could be dated back to ancient and founded in Sichun(四川). However, the temple is rare. In Taiwan, there are about five temples dedicated to Pan Gu, including Kaitian temple (開天宮) in Xindian (新店), Xinzhu (新竹) separately, and Dawang gong (大王宮), Pangu temple (盤古殿), Pangu wang miao (盤古王廟
) in Tainan (台南) etc.
Yuanshi tianzun, Pan Gu gong